Although the current U. Despite its failings, the United States prison system fulfills the incapacitative and retributive roles of prison by effectively enforcing incarceration sentencings for those convicted. According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics, less than one percent of the more than 1. Prison guards and wardens possess the power to do anything that they please within those brick walls. This is an issue that society has been aware of for many decades; however, there has been little to no effort to change the conditions. Personally, I believe that we need to keep our prison system, but we need to take steps in reforming them rather than abolish them altogether. The United States has the highest number of incarcerated people than any other country in the world. We must sit down and look at other countries and see what they are doing different than the United States. First, I will define the jail system, and what this system can do for the citizens. Second address the cons and pros about the jail system by illustrating the topic into main bullet points. Third, voice my thoughts about the jail system with adding pros and cons to a political action I should address, and concluding which action I am going to take to further y concern about the jail system. At first punishment was a way to inflict pain in suffering onto prisoners. By doing this it set an example to detour crime. Punishment throughout time has changed with the building of prison systems and labor being implemented. Today punishment is carried out much different than in the past. Punishment is way to keep order and discipline throughout society. In recent years, there has been a significant increase in the number of in prisoners in the US prisons system, because prison is used as the primary correction facility for offenders while ensuring justice to offended Guerino Prisons comprise of offenders who are above the county jail level. Moving from the barbaric practices of the earlier centuries, many governmental officials sought to ride crime through deterrence. Thus the birth of the prison system began. However, with the number of incarcerated offenders increasing yearly, the statistics show that the penal system is a failure. Prior to the Gold Rush, California had prided itself on being a land of health, beauty, and opportunity Bookspan, xviii. Each era had its own strength and weaknesses that influenced each subsequent era that came after. People are sent to prison to face the consequences for breaking the law and to prevent them from committing crime again as well as to deter others from breaking the law. Prevention, rehabilitation and punishment form the three pillars of the prison system. The US has been ranked number one in a ranking of countries who incarcerate the most out of every , of the national population. Out of every , Americans, are incarcerated. They housed men, women, children, the mentally ill along with the civil and criminals. The individuals suffered from idleness, diseases, despair and malnutrition. Many say it is useless and that the inmates deserve to be in there. The message has been pretty clear that they do not care if an inmate changes or not Evans D. However, inmates lives do matter, and without someone teaching them the steps to change and giving them a proper education, there will definitely be no hope for them in the end. This giant prison enterprise is an essential component of the U. Prison inmates should also have those same privileges. With the assistance of therapist and psychologists, these inmates can find value in their lives. After being placed in a cell with two male inmates, Valentin was repeatedly abused. She informed correctional officers of the continued, brutal sexual violence her cellmate was putting her through. The prison system did not respond to her. After all, from their point of view Valentin should have opted for solitary confinement to protect herself from the general population of male inmates. They are established and funded by governments to hold people against their will", but why punish Zyl Smit, ? What is the purpose of prison? This fundamental question stirs up a significant amount of debate. The government, citizens, educators, and even prisoners are divided about the right answers. Thus, it is not in vain that prisons have been referred to as reservoirs of disease in various contexts. Detrimental social impact Imprisonment disrupts relationships and weakens social cohesion, since the maintenance of such cohesion is based on long-term relationships. When a member of a family is imprisoned, the disruption of the family structure affects relationships between spouses, as well as between parents and children, reshaping the family and community across generations. Mass imprisonment produces a deep social transformation in families and communities. The cost of imprisonment Taking into account the above considerations, it is essential to note that, when considering the cost of imprisonment, account needs to be taken not only of the actual funds spent on the upkeep of each prisoner, which is usually significantly higher than what is spent on a person sentenced to non-custodial sanctions, but also of the indirect costs, such as the social, economic and healthcare related costs, which are difficult to measure, but which are immense and long-term. The benchmarks for action in prison reform: the United Nations Standards and Norms As the guardian of international standards and norms in crime prevention and criminal justice, UNODC is mandated to support Member States in putting into practice these standards and norms by assisting States in building fair and effective criminal justice systems. Over the years a considerable body of United Nations standards and norms related to crime prevention and criminal justice has emerged. UNODC believes that effective prison reform is dependent on the improvement and rationalisation of criminal justice policies, including crime prevention and sentencing policies, and on the care and treatment made available to vulnerable groups in the community. Reform of the prison system should therefore always take into account the needs relating to the reform of the criminal justice system as a whole and employ an integrated, multi-disciplinary strategy to achieve sustainable impact. Thus, reform initiatives will usually need to also encompass criminal justice institutions other than the prison service, such as the judiciary prosecution and police service, as relevant. An integrated approach also takes account of areas that are typically not regarded as part of the "criminal justice system". These include, for example, the development of substance dependence treatment programmes in the community or psycho-social counselling programmes, to which certain offenders may be diverted, rather than being imprisoned, thus ensuring that services in prison are not overstretched, trying to meet the needs of a growing number of prisoners with special needs. The integrated strategy to prison reform can benefit immensely from the establishment and development of collaboration and partnerships with other UN agencies and other international and national organisations engaged in complementary programmes. Thematic Areas of Work in the field of Prison Reform and Alternatives to Imprisonment UNODC's technical assistance in the area of prison reform covers the following thematic areas: pre-trial detention; alternative measures and sanctions; social reintegration. Read more Pre-trial detention There are three main issues that need to be taken into consideration in the context of pre-trial detention: firstly, pre-trial detention is overused in most countries worldwide and in many developing countries the size of the pre-trial prisoner population is larger than that of the convicted prisoner population. This situation contradicts the provisions in international standards, including ICCPR, that provide for the limited use of pre-trial detention, only when certain conditions are present. Secondly, pre-trial detention is the period most open to abuse in the criminal justice process. Recognizing the particular vulnerability of pre-trial detainees, international human rights instruments provide for a large number of very specific safeguards to ensure that the rights of detainees are not abused, that they are not ill-treated and their access to justice not hindered. Therefore, improving access to justice, supporting legal and paralegal aid programmes, improving information management and cooperation between courts and prisons, to speed up the processing of cases, as well as assisting with the development of safeguards for pre-trial detainees, such as independent monitoring and inspection mechanisms, comprise important elements of UNODC's work in the field of penal reform. Prison Management In order for a prison system to be managed in a fair and humane manner, national legislation, policies and practices must be guided by the international standards developed to protect the human rights of prisoners. Prison authorities have a responsibility to ensure that the supervision and treatment of prisoners is in line with the rule of law, with respect to individuals' human rights, and that the period of imprisonment is used to prepare individuals for life outside prison following release. But often national legislation and rules relating to the management of prisons are outdated and in need of reform. In many countries the prison department is under the authority of police or military institutions and managers and staff have received no specific training regarding prison management.
Statistics regarding incarceration rates, placed the United States on the first place in the world in Essays on mass incarceration help students document and reflect on the causes of this phenomenon but also help understand the reasons for the witnessed argumentative disproportion among convicted individuals. Many prison topics are on the essay of this phenomenon on individuals and local communities and on the country as a whole, but also on ways to reform the system.
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As a result, lives have been ruined by the stigma around drug addicts and drug charges. Also, money argumentative the pockets of the greedy monsters who make money to keep This testimony is being submitted to you the Criminal Justice System Reform Committee, to essay how mass incarceration prisons the community around me.
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The Jim Crow prisons came about, after slavery during the years of through the s.
People think that the Jim Crow Laws were just a set of anti-black laws, but it was Fond memories, as well as a few harsh ones may come to mind.
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